The Russian Federation has notified the World Trade Organization (WTO) that it will increase tariffs on Ukrainian chocolate and other goods including coal and glass in retaliation for emergency duties Kiev placed on imported cars.
The new import tax will see a 0.1€ per kilogramme levy on Ukrainian chocolate.
Russia is the second country to formally retaliate for the Ukrainian duties, after Turkey filed a similar notification last month saying it would increase taxes on walnuts imported from Ukraine in response. The European Union, Japan and South Korea — the other major automobile exporters to Ukraine — have also previously expressed opposition to the Ukrainian car tax.
In a WTO filing, Russia said the Ukrainian car tax would hit car exports worth $328 million, raising $36 million of tax. To offset this, Moscow said it will now impose a duty of 0.1€ per kilo of Ukrainian chocolate, 15% on glass and 54% on coal.
Russia said its proposed tax on Ukrainian chocolate imports would come into force as soon as it was adopted by the Customs Union - which also includes Kazakhstan and Belarus.
Ukraine imposed the emergency car tax under the WTO "safeguard" rules - which allow countries to protect a sector if there is a threat of serious damage to producers from a surge in imports. However there are strict rules about the use of such safeguards, which Ukraine is accused of ignoring.
In response, WTO members affected by the car tax are allowed to levy an equivalent tax on Ukrainian imports. Russia is the second of five concerned WTO members to spell out how it plans to punish Ukraine over the car tax - Turkey has already said it plans to target Ukrainian walnuts.
Other members concerned with the tax - including Japan, South Korea and the EU, have not yet released details of any retaliation taxes, which may also see a focus on food and confectionery ingredients such as chocolate and walnuts.