The Fairtrade-Satelligence partnership and expansion plan will also support producer organisations – representing more than one million coffee and cocoa farmers cultivating 2.5 million hectares – to meet the European Union Deforestation Regulation (EUDR) requirements so they can maintain access to important markets in Europe and beyond.
Many companies are still unprepared for EU Deforestation Regulation -- Niels Wielaard, CEO at Satelligence
Building on a set of cocoa cooperatives that tested Satelligence’s geolocation and monitoring functionality in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana last year, the new three-year partnership aims to include all Fairtrade-certified cocoa and coffee producer organisations by 2025 and to connect Fairtrade cooperatives with data on their members’ farms and their deforestation risks, so the cooperatives can share these data with their commercial partners and better manage forest landscapes.
“Many companies are still unprepared for EU Deforestation Regulation,” said Niels Wielaard, CEO at Satelligence, “but Fairtrade cooperatives will be ahead of the curve. It is a big task but it can be done. We hope the world will invest more in smallholders, in particular in supporting those doing the right thing in vulnerable, high deforestation-risk regions.”
Producer organisations provide geolocation data for each of their members’ farm plots. Satelligence’s platform verifies this geolocation data to ensure data quality. Second, the system detects any deforestation activity within members’ boundaries, and whether or not farms are located in protected areas. It also flags deforestation near the farm, an important piece of information that contributes to cooperatives’ risk assessments. Finally, the system generates reports that cooperatives can use themselves, and provide to their customers or potential customers.
“This partnership focuses on an increasingly important area of trade: access to risk management data, which defines what cocoa and coffee can enter the EU market,” said Jon Walker, Senior Advisor for Cocoa at Fairtrade International.
“Whoever has the data has the key to market access. Many large buyers have their own monitoring systems that cover the cooperatives they buy from, but they don’t necessarily share what they see with the cooperatives themselves. Inequalities in trading relationships will only widen if producer organisations are reliant on their trade partners for access to these important data. This partnership enables producer organisations and their smallholder members to have access to the data and act on risks identified.”
Arisbe Mendoza, Director of Global Impact for Fairtrade International, said: “The partnership provides a proven satellite monitoring system combined with technical support from Fairtrade to interpret and manage the data on an ongoing basis. This is an important step in our journey to bring more transparency to supply chains.”
The Fairtrade Cocoa Standard
The scale-up of deforestation monitoring capacity is part of Fairtrade’s efforts to raise awareness about the importance of farmers and workers having more power as trade partners and in negotiations about regulations that affect their livelihoods. The Fairtrade Cocoa Standard aligns with the EU Deforestation Regulation requirements, including that farms above four hectares in size or in high-risk areas must use polygon mapping, while smaller farms and farms in low-risk areas can use single geolocation points.
Importantly, Fairtrade also requires traders to support producer organisations from which they buy in their deforestation monitoring and prevention efforts, whether through material or financial support.
Losing access to core markets, such as the European Union, would be devastating to smallholder coffee and cocoa farmers who mostly rely on these products for their livelihoods. If the economic realities of smallholder farmers are not taken into account, the legislation could lead to unintended consequences, such as a rise in illegal land use by farmers forced to find other sources of income. This would ultimately undermine sustainability, forest preservation, and the very intention of deforestation regulations.
About the EUDR
In force from June 2023 with staggered implementation over the following 24 months, the European Union Deforestation Regulation aims to reduce the EU’s contribution to climate change and loss of biodiversity by requiring that cocoa and other commodities sold in Europe be free from deforestation. It states that companies that import to, export from, or sell such products within the EU must be able to prove that the products do not originate from recently deforested land or have contributed to forest degradation.
“Deforestation legislation is an essential step, but the effects on smallholders are still unknown,” explained Walker. “The European Commission urgently needs to step up coordinated efforts to assess country-by-country readiness and impacts on covered sectors, in close collaboration with local stakeholders. It is worth noting that while technology such as satellite imaging continues to improve monitoring, the causes of deforestation are multi-dimensional, including poor legislation and governance, limited available economic opportunities, and poverty. Improving farmers’ livelihoods on the way to living incomes must be part of the approach to ensuring healthy forests and sustainable communities.”